This paper is an excerpt from a larger project I am working on, in which I explore the socialization power of European citizenship through the lenses of literature on diffusion of norms in international relations and international law, borrowing from this literature the notions of cultural match, legitimacy and acculturation. In this work, I explore the possibility that while the community of the European citizens is one based on difference, the interaction of citizens at the European level as members of a community of law, and their exposure to the scripts of coexistence as citizens might lead in the long run to the internalization, on the part of the citizens, of a sense of “groupness” consistent with the norm of European citizenship. In this sense, I argue that elements of institutional design making supranational citizenship visible for its holders and highlighting the legitimacy of their participation as citizens at the European level might help a process of acculturation.
It has been some times since the stipulated deadline for the implementation of Directive 2007/66/EC elapsed. Pursuing accrued effectiveness in the application of EU procurement law, the Directive revised the previous legislation mainly introducing two new remedies, standstill and ineffectiveness (with the ancillary remedy of alternative penalties).
Inevitably Member States have approached the implementation of Directive 2007/66/EC differently. At times, rules on remedies in public procurement have been rewritten almost from scrap. Other times, the new remedies have been grafted into the existing legislation. In both cases, the peculiar legal traditions of each Member State are deemed to influence the way remedies are not just implemented but applied.
Introduzione; Procedure di evidenza pubblica e contratti nella disciplina del Codice dei contratti pubblici e del Codice del processo amministrativo – Paola Malanetto; La tutela cautelare tra diritto europeo e diritto interno – Vincenzo Gallo; La direttiva ricorsi (2007/66/CE) e le sue conseguenze a livello sistematico: l’imposizione del modello francese di «contrat administratif» – Mario Comba