1. The role of the Court of Justice in EMU: a glance at the past. 2. Recent case-law: the beginning of a new season? 3. New international instruments of economic governance: the role of the Court of justice in the ESM Treaty and in the Fiscal Compact. 4. Compatibility with EU law of the Treaties provisions relating to the Court’s jurisdiction. 5. Further developments: towards progressive “jurisdictionalisation” of control over economic policies?